Many women make the mistake of thinking that if they do not have a period, they cannot fall pregnant and don’t need to use contraception.
Although in some cases this can be true, it’s completely possible to fall pregnant without having a period.
In fact, in some rare cases women have been known to ovulate without having periods at all. And because ovulation occurs before a period, it’s possible to be fertile and fall pregnant without ever bleeding – this is especially common in the first 6 months post partum (after a woman has a baby.)
It’s important to make sure that even if you aren’t experiencing periods, you still use contraception if you don’t wish to fall pregnant.
But, just because you haven’t got your period back after pregnancy doesn’t necessarily mean you are pregnant again. Women who breastfeed can go for months or even years without a period.
How Can You Fall Pregnant Without Getting a Period
The first stage in the menstrual cycle is when the egg is dropped by the ovaries and it travels down the fallopian tubes. This is called ovulation. If the egg is not fertilized during ovulation, then the lining of the uterus is shed, which results in the bleeding known as a period.
Because the first stage of the menstrual cycle involves ovulation, it means that if a woman falls pregnant during her first cycle of ovulation, the uterine lining does not have to be shed and she will not have a period.
When Can a Woman Fall Pregnant Without Having a Period?
There are three different times when a woman is able to fall pregnant without a period.
- Her first period. Because the egg drops before bleeding begins, it’s possible for a girl to fall pregnant without ever having a period.
- If her cycle hasn’t returned following pregnancy. Women are often highly fertile immediately following pregnancy which means that they can fall pregnant very easily during their first ovulation cycle following birth and never have a period bleed.
- During menopause. As a woman nears menopause, the ovaries can drop more than one egg at a time (leading to a higher chance of multiple pregnancies) and the reproductive system goes into overdrive, often making a woman highly fertile. During this time a woman may think that she is no longer menstruating so she is no longer able to fall pregnant. However it’s not unusual for women who stop taking birth control during menopause to fall pregnant.